3. Choose a right Password

The starting point of our Linux General Security tour is the password. Many people keep their valuable information and files on a computer, and the only thing preventing others from seeing it is the eight-character string called a password. An unbreakable password, contrary to popular belief, does not exist. Given time and resources all passwords can be guessed either by social engineering or by brute force.

Social engineering of server passwords and other access methods are still the easiest and most popular way to gain access to accounts and servers. Often, something as simple as acting as a superior or executive in a company and yelling at the right person at the right time of the day yields terrific results.

Running a password cracker on a weekly basis on your system is a good idea. This helps to find and replace passwords that are easily guessed or weak. Also, a password checking mechanism should be present to reject a weak password when first choosing a password or changing an old one. Character strings that are plain dictionary words, or are all in the same case, or do not contain numbers or special characters should not be accepted as a new password. We recommend the following rules to make passwords effective:

The minimum acceptable password length by default when you install your Linux system is 5. This mean that when a new user is allowed to have a access on the server, his/her password length will be at minimum 5 mixes of character strings, letter, number, special character etc. This is not enough and must be 8.

To prevent non-security-minded people or administrators from being able to enter just 5 characters for the valuable password, edit the rather important /etc/login.defs file and change the value of 5 to 8. Edit the login.defs file vi /etc/login.defs and change the line that read:

            PASS_MIN_LEN    5

To read:

            PASS_MIN_LEN    8

The login.defs is the configuration file for the login program. You should review or make changes to this file for your particular system. This is where you set other security policy settings like password expiration defaults or minimum acceptable password length.